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Flag of Albania

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Albania
Flag of Albania.svg
Name Albania
Use National flag National flag
Proportion 5:7
Adopted 7 April 1992
Design A silhouette of an open-winged bicephalated eagle on a red field.

The national flag of Albania (Albanian: Flamuri i Shqipërisë) is a red flag with a silhouetted black double-headed eagle in the centre. It is the only red and black flag of a recognised sovereign state.

The eagle is the national and ethnic symbol of the Albanians and was used for heraldic purposes during the Middle Ages by a number of Albanian noble families, including the Kastrioti, whose most famous member was George Kastriot Skanderbeg. The Kastrioti's coat of arms, depicting a double-headed eagle on a red field, became famous when he led a revolt against the Ottoman Empire that resulted in brief independence for some regions of Albania from 1443 to 1478. It is generally thought that the eagle derived from the double-headed eagle of the House of Palaiologos, one of the ruling dynasties of the Byzantine Empire.[1]

The symbol was re-used by Albanian nationalists during the 19th century as a symbol of their campaign for the country's independence from the Ottoman Empire. On 28 November 1912, the Albanian Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in Vlora and the flag was adopted as the symbol of the new nation.[2]

The flag has gone through a number of changes over the years as different regimes have modified it; for instance, royalist regimes added a crown above the eagle, while the post-war communist regime added a red star and, briefly, a hammer and sickle. However, the original plain design of the flag was reintroduced on 7 April 1992 after the collapse of the communist government.

Albania's civil ensign and naval ensign, both maritime flags are different from the national flag. The civil ensign consists of three horizontal bands of red, black, and red. The naval ensign is similar to the national flag, except that the eagle is on a white field, and the lower portion of the flag has a red stripe. The eagle of the flag of Albania is depicted on the reverse of the Albanian 5 lekë coin, issued in 1995 and 2000.[3]

The flag of Albania is also widely though unofficially flown in Kosovo by the country's ethnic Albanian population. It was the symbol of the unrecognised Republic of Kosova during the 1990s. The current independent state of Kosovo uses a different flag that was designed to avoid any symbols associated with a particular ethnic group.

History of the Flag

Flag of Albania
Flag of Albania
Civil ensign of Albania
Civil ensign of Albania
Naval ensign of Albania
Naval ensign of Albania
State ensign of Albania
State ensign of Albania
Coast Guard ensign of Albania
Coast Guard ensign of Albania
Presidential Standard
Presidential Standard
Flag of Albania (1946-1992)
Flag of Albania (1946-1992)
Civil ensign of Albania (1945-1992)
Civil ensign of Albania (1945-1992)
Naval ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
Naval ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
State ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
State ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
Coast Guard ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
Coast Guard ensign of Albania (1958-1992)
Presidential Standard (1946-1992)
Presidential Standard (1946-1992)
Naval ensign of Albania (1954-1958)
Naval ensign of Albania (1954-1958)
Naval ensign of Albania (1946-1954)
Naval ensign of Albania (1946-1954)
Flag of Albania (1944-1946)
Flag of Albania (1944-1946)
Flag of Albania under Nazi Germany (1943-1944)
Flag of Albania under Nazi Germany (1943-1944)
Flag of Albania under Italy (1939-1943)
Flag of Albania under Italy (1939-1943)
Crowned version
Crowned version



See also

References

  1. Whitney Smith, Flag Lore Of All Nations, Millbrook Press, 2001
  2. Elsie, Robert. A dictionary of Albanian religion, mythology and folk culture, p. 78. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 2001. ISBN 9781850655701
  3. Bank of Albania. Currency: Albanian coins in circulation, issue of 1995, 1996 and 2000. – Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
  • Noel Malcolm, Kosovo: A Short History (New York: New York University Press, 1999), 29
  • Marin Barleti, Storia de Vita et Gestis Scanderbegis, Princeps Epirotarum trans. Stefan I. Prifti (Tirana: Shtypshkronja “Mihal Duri” 1964).

External links

Sources

am:የአልባኒያ ሰንደቅ ዓላማ

ar:علم ألبانيا an:Bandera d'Albania roa-rup:Flãmbura-a Arbinishiiljei ast:Bandera d'Albania az:Albaniya bayrağı bn:আলবেনিয়ার জাতীয় পতাকা be:Сцяг Албаніі be-x-old:Сьцяг Альбаніі bs:Zastava Albanije bg:Национално знаме на Албания ca:Bandera d'Albània cs:Albánská vlajka cy:Baner Albania da:Albaniens flag de:Flagge Albaniens et:Albaania lipp el:Σημαία της Αλβανίας es:Bandera de Albania eo:Flago de Albanio eu:Albaniako bandera fa:پرچم آلبانی fr:Drapeau de l'Albanie gl:Bandeira de Albania ko:알바니아의 국기 hy:Ալբանիայի դրոշ hi:अल्बानिया का ध्वज hr:Zastava Albanije bpy:আলবেনিয়ার ফিরালহান id:Bendera Albania it:Bandiera dell'Albania he:דגל אלבניה lv:Albānijas karogs lt:Albanijos vėliava hu:Albánia zászlaja mk:Знаме на Албанија ms:Bendera Albania nl:Vlag van Albanië ja:アルバニアの国旗 no:Albanias flagg nn:Det albanske flagget tpi:Plak bilong Albenia pl:Flaga Albanii pt:Bandeira da Albânia ro:Drapelul Albaniei ru:Флаг Албании sco:Banner o Albanie sq:Flamuri i Shqipërisë scn:Bannera albanisa sk:Vlajka Albánska sr:Застава Албаније sh:Zastava Albanije fi:Albanian lippu sv:Albaniens flagga th:ธงชาติแอลเบเนีย tr:Arnavutluk bayrağı uk:Прапор Албанії vi:Quốc kỳ Albania yo:Àsìá ilẹ̀ Albáníà zh-yue:阿爾巴尼亞旗 zh:阿尔巴尼亚国旗

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