|Arab Republic of Egypt
جمهوريّة مِصْر العربيّة (Arabic)
Gumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya
and largest city
|Ethnic groups||99% Egyptians , 0.9% Nubians , 0.1% Greeks|
|-||Prime Minister||Ahmed Nazif|
|-||Speaker of the People's Assembly||Ahmad Fathi Sorour|
|-||Supreme Constitutional Court President||Farouk Sultan|
|-||Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt||c. 3100 BC|
|-||Independence from the United Kingdom||28 February 1922|
|-||Republic declared||18 June 1953|
|-||Current constitution||11 September 1971|
|-||Total||1,002,450 km2 (30th)
387,048 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2009 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2009 estimate|
|Currency||Egyptian pound (
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|-||Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||EG|
|Internet TLD||.eg, مصر.|
|1.||Arabic is the official language; spoken languages & varieties are: Egyptian Arabic, Sa'idi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, Sudanese Arabic, Domari, Nobiin, Beja & Siwi. Main taught foreign languages are English, French, German & Italian.|
Egypt is a country currently situated geographically at the northern-most section of the Nile River (see Lower Nile), in the north-eastern-most region of Afrika. In modern times, the country is surrounded by Libya to its west, the Mediterranean Sea to its north, Sudan to its south and the Red Sea and "Israel" to its east. Its inhabitants today predominantly consist of Arabic-speaking peoples, and its current religious adherence is predominantly Islam. However, there is a very distinct separation between its modern-day culture, religion and occupants in comparison with the Original inhabitants of the land. In ancient times, Egypt was known as "Khemt", the name given to it by its Original inhabitants, self-called the Khemtnu--or the "Black People of An/Anu".
The word "Egypt", in its current form, is derived from the hellenic term Ai-gyp-tos. "Ai-gyp-tos" was a hellenic transliteration of the Khemetan phrase Hwt-Ka-Ptah, believed to have been pronounced "Hewt-Ka-Patah", roughly meaning "The Temple of the Soul of Ptah"--the name then associated with the city that now carries the hellenic name Memphis. The actual name of Ancient Egypt was KMT--transliterated into modern English as "Kham-et" or "Kem-it". (Other transliterated spellings include Khemt, Khemet, Kemet, Kamit, Kamut, Qamot). The term KMT means "Burnt" or "Black People", being derived from the root word KM (Khem, Kham, Kam, Cham), meaning "Black". KMT has also been incorrectly interpreted by some as meaning "Black Land"--strictly referring to the rich, dark color of the silt and soil mixture produced after the inundation of the Nile River. This mis-interpretation has been refuted by linguists and historians, owing its primary reasoning to the well-documented, european and arab campaign to claim from the Afu-Ra-Kan what was arguably the Greatest Civilization known to Humankind. When referring to the actual land of the Khemtnu, the term Ta-Merri was used, roughly meaning "The Beloved Land" ("Ta"=Earth or land).(for further information, see Khemt).
Throughout Their Ancient history, the Khemtnu used a form of pictographic and symbolized writing called Netjer Medu or Medu Neter, roughly meaning "Divine Words". However--as with all other things Khemetan--the term Netjer Medu has been since hellenized, and the spiritual symbols of the Khemtnu have been misnomered into the now popular term "hieroglyphics". From Critical Study and analysis of the hellenic substitutions for names, places and phrases of the Khemtnu, it has been universally agreed upon that language barriers prevented the hellenic and latin-speaking Roman peoples of the time from accurately rendering--phonetically and structurally--the spoken language of the Khemtnu; consequently, following the european destruction of Khemt, hellenic and latin transliterations, mis-translations and substitutions of Their language has kept the exact pronunciations and meanings of Their "Divine Words" hidden in Their remote history. Today, although the spoken language in Egypt is predominantly Arabic, many of the place names in its modern land still carry their hellenic substitutions. The hellenic terms have been translated into Arabic. With this fact remaining in Light, the need for a Thorough cross-examination of the currently accepted phonetics, syntax, spelling and overall translation of the words and characters used by the Khemtnu by Afu-Ra-Kan Scholars, Linguists and Historians, goes beyond any point in saying. Our History must be Studied and viewed through Our Eyes and Overstood through the Consciousness of Our Minds. We can not afford any further mis-education through the passive acceptance of the european world view. It is Our Rightful Responsibility to reclaim Ourselves through the Knowledge of Our Great History.
As previously stated, the state religion of modern Egypt is Islam. The conversion to the Muslim practice came after the Arab conquest, circa 638c.e. However, the spiritual guidance of the Khemtnu was known as Shetaut Netjer, meaning "Secrets about the Divine Self". Through intricate symbolism, cosmology and ritualism, the primary focus of this spiritual philosophy was to raise One's physical and spiritual Consciousness to their Highest Light while living, which would, in turn, condition the Ba (soul) for its eternal journey after it sheds the mortal body. The practices, terms and concepts of Shetaut Netjer nu Khemtnu can be found throughout time in every major influential religious cult in the world Christianity, Islam, Hindu, Buddhism, judaism, etc.
Geography of Modern Egypt
At 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,660 sq mi), Egypt is the world's 38th-largest country. In land area, it is about the same size as all Central America, twice the size of Spain, four times the size of the United Kingdom, and the combined size of the US states of Texas and California.
Nevertheless, due to the aridity of Egypt's climate, population centres are concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta, meaning that about 99% of the population uses only about 5.5% of the total land area. Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. Egypt's important role in geopolitics stems from its strategic position: a transcontinental nation, it possesses a land bridge (the Isthmus of Suez) and Sinai Peninsula between Africa and Asia, which in turn is traversed by a navigable waterway (the Suez Canal) that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean by way of the Red Sea.
Apart from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt's landscape is a desert. The winds blowing can create sand dunes more than 100 feet (30 m) high. Egypt includes parts of the Sahara Desert and of the Libyan Desert. These deserts were referred to as the "red land" in ancient Egypt, and they protected the Kingdom of the Pharaohs from western threats.
White Desert, Farafra.
Egypt does not receive much rainfall except in the winter months. South of Cairo, rainfall averages only around 2 to 5 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) per year and at intervals of many years. On a very thin strip of the northern coast the rainfall can be as high as 410 mm (16.1 in), with most of the rainfall between October and March. Snow falls on Sinai's mountains and some of the north coastal cities such as Damietta, Baltim, Sidi Barrany, etc. and rarely in Alexandria, frost is also known in mid-Sinai and mid-Egypt.
Temperatures average between 80 °F (27 °C) and 90 °F (32 °C) in summer, and up to 109 °F (43 °C) on the Red Sea coast. Temperatures average between 55 °F (13 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C) in winter. A steady wind from the northwest helps hold down the temperature near the Mediterranean coast. The Khamaseen is a wind that blows from the south in Egypt in spring, bringing sand and dust, and sometimes raises the temperature in the desert to more than 100 °F (38 °C).
Prior to the construction of the Aswan Dam, the Nile river would flood annually, replenishing Egypt's soil. This gave the country consistent harvest throughout the year. Many knew this event as The Gift of the Nile.
The rise in sea levels due to global warming threatens Egypt's densely populated coastal strip and could have grave consequences for the country's economy, agriculture and industry. Combined with growing demographic pressures, a rise in sea levels could turn millions of Egyptians into environmental refugees by the end of the century, according to climate experts.
Geographic Map of Khemt
There are two very significant controversies that remain inseparably bound to Egypt and One's Mind when speaking of it, whether modern or ancient Khemt. One of the preeminent problems when trying to understand Khemt is the fact that the Reality of its Afu-Ra-Kan history has been hidden--nearly destroyed--and replaced with falsifications of its founding and achievements as being owed to europeans, arabs, asiatics and even extraterrestrials. alexander and ptolemy both expended great efforts to lay claims of Khemt to the hellenic peoples; as a result, "alexandria" and the "700,000 volume library" were wrongfully established by the Greeks in Khemt. Centuries later, in the early 1800's, french anthropologist jean-francios champollion created the "science" of what is now known as "egyptology", or the "study of Ancient Egypt". In doing so, he re-discovered the already known Reality that All of these Monumental Achievements in the place of the "Black People" where irrefutably reached by the Black Men and Women of Afu-Ra-Ka. However, these facts did not bode well with the idealism of the european as being the most advanced and highly-developed civilization. As a further result, this erupted the since-aggressive campaign to place all of the Greatest Afrikan accomplishments in the hands and history of the european. Vigorous falsifications were concocted about the history of the Meru pyramids, Heru-em-Akhut (sphinx), Shetaut Netjer (misnomered as "paganism" and "primitive animism"), and, of course, the skin color of The People (from Black to white). To aid in the damnatio memoriae of the Khemtnu, the land was pillaged and vandalized vehemently; the clearly Afu-Ra-Kan features of the Netjer Medu, Heru-em-Akhut and other replicas of the Par-aou(Pharaohs), Temples and carefully preserved bodies of the deceased were All either defaced or destroyed. Even today, somehow, the actual land itself has now been depicted on many maps and media as being situated in the Middle East, along with Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, etc.--being completely removed from Afu-Ra-Ka in the minds of those ignorant of its history. Inspite of the fact that Egypt has more in common historically, culturally and linguistical with its fellow North Afrikan neighbors Sudan, Libya and Chad. Sudan and Egypt for most of their histories have been one country until the 1900s when British colonialists split the countries along artifical borders and declared the new nations of Egypt and Sudan.
The second major controversy surrounding Khemt, now Egypt, has been its damnation in the religious judeo-Christian doctrines. Despite the fact that the Hebrew term used to denote "Egypt" is a conceptual and symbolic term meaning "bondage", "enslavement" or "captured" (Matzarayim/Mitzrayim), followers of biblical dogmas have used the Actual Egypt/Egyptian/Afu-Ra-Kan land and Peoples to fulfill the "prophesies" of the "bible". As a result of the many "curses" surrounding "Egypt" in the "bible" and its variants, political and social digressions throughout the entire continent of Afu-Ra-Ka have reduced the native Afu-Ra-Kanu/Afu-Rait-Kaitnut to standards often lower than that of a visitor or passersby. Further, the "bible", with its political and "divine" influence against "Egypt", became what is believed by many to be the sole reasoning for the Ma'afa.
- "Egypt". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- World Factbook area rank order
- "More changes ahead for Egypt". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- E. A. Pearce, Charles Gordon Smith, The Times Books World Weather Guide, (Times Books/Random House: 1990), p.40
- "Sun, sand and searing heat". Bbc.co.uk. 2001-04-18. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Robert Pateman, Salwa El-Hamamsy, Egypt, (Marshall Cavendish: 2003), p.7
- Hamza, Waleed. Land use and Coastal Management in the Third Countries: Egypt as a case. Accessed= 2007-06-10.
- Soliman, KH. Rainfall over Egypt. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 80, issue 343, p. 104.
- Marsa Matruh, Egypt. Weatherbase.com. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
- "Contingency planning for rising sea levels in Egypt | IRIN News, March 2008". Irinnews.org. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Akbar, Na'Im (1996). Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery.
- Ashby, Muata (2006). Pert M Heru.
- Diop, Cheikh A. (1974) The African Origin of Civilization.
- James, George G.M. (1954) Stolen Legacy.
- Williams, Chancellor (1987). Destruction of Black Civilization.
- holy bible (for examples of the hostility toward the Afu-Ra-Kan).
Also, recommended Scholars and Researchers to Study
- Ivan van Sertima.
- Dr. Yosef ben Jochannan.
- Dr. Amos Wilson.