From World Afropedia
Jump to: navigation, search

As a result of the 2011 Libyan civil war, there are currently two entities claiming to be the government of Libya, an independent state in North Africa. They are the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya led by Muammar al-Gaddafi and the Libyan Republic led by a National Transitional Council.

Flag of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

File:Flag of the Libyan Jamahiriya 1977.svg
Flag of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

The flag of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was adopted on November 11, 1977 and consists of a green field. It is the only national flag in the world with just one color and no design, insignia, or other details.[1] It was designed by Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi.[2] Green reflects the predominant religion of Islam, is the official national color of Libya and is also symbolic of Gaddafi's "Green Revolution".

Flag used by the Libyan Republic

Flag used by the Libyan Republic

The National Transitional Council of the Libyan Republic, formed on 27 February 2011, adopted the flag previously used in Libya between 1951 and 1969.[3] The flag was initially used by protestors during the Libyan Civil War and is being flown at Libyan diplomatic missions supporting the National Transitional Council. On 10 March 2011, France was the first country to recognize the council as the official government of Libya.[4] On 21 March 2011, the flag was flown by the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations and appeared on their official website. [5] [6] Some rebels fighting on the frontline have gone as far to remove the green stripe from the Kingdom of Libya flag, which can be seen in video reports from journalists on news websites.

Flag history of Libya


The short-lived Tripolitanian Republic in western Libya had its own flag, which had a light blue field and a green palm tree in the center, with a white star on top of it.[7]


The flag of the Kingdom of Libya was adopted when Libya gained independence in 1951 from Italy. It consisted of a white crescent-and-star on a triband red-black-green design, with the central black band being twice the width of the outer bands. The design was based on the banner of the Senussi dynasty from Cyrenaica, which consisted of a black field and crescent-and-star design, and was later used as the flag of the region. The red represented the region of Fezzan, while the green came from the banner of Tripolitania. The crescent and star was used in the flag of the Ottoman Empire from 1793 and was chosen as part of the flag design by many of the successor states of the Ottoman Empire, beginning with the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918.


Following the coup d'état of 1969, the flag was replaced by the Pan-Arab red-white-black tricolor of the Arab Liberation Flag, first flown after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 (which also formed the basis of the flags of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen).


In 1972 when Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics its flag was adopted by the country, linking it to Egypt and Syria. It featured a golden hawk (the "Hawk of Qureish"), holding a scroll with the Arabic name of the Federation.[8]


On November 11, 1977 following the country's official renaming as the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, the flag was changed to the all-green design, in reaction to Anwar Sadat's visit to Israel. In addition to its symbolism in Islam, green is also symbolic of Gaddafi's "Green Revolution".


During the Libyan Civil War against the government rule of Muammar al-Gaddafi, the 1951–1969 flag – as well as various makeshift versions without the crescent and star symbol, or without the green stripe – came back into use in areas held by the Libyan opposition and by protesters at several Libyan diplomatic missions abroad.[9][10][11][12][13]

Flag gallery

Historical flags

Regional flags

See also


  1. "Libya Flag". Retrieved December 12, 2009.
  2. "Staff of Libyan consulate in Egypt lower flag". Reuters. 22 February 2011.
  3. National Transitional Council (retrieved 13 March 2011)
  4. "Libya: France recognises rebels as government". BBC News. 10 March 2011.
  5. "Libya air raid 'killed civilians'". BBC News. 31 March 2011.
  7. "World Statemen-Libya". Retrieved December 12, 2009.
  8. Smith, Whitney; Buhrer, Emil (1975). Flags Through the Ages and Across the World. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-07-059093-7 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).
  12. Janathan S. Landay, Warren P. Strobel and Arwa Ibrahim (18 February 2011). "Violent repression of protests rocks Libya, Bahrain, Yemen". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
  13. Mark Tran (17 February 2011). "Bahrain in crisis and Middle East protests – live blog". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 19 February 2011.

af:Vlag van Libië am:የሊቢያ ሰንደቅ ዓላማ ar:علم ليبيا ast:Bandera de Libia az:Liviya bayrağı be:Сцяг Лівіі be-x-old:Сьцяг Лібіі bs:Zastava Libije bg:Национално знаме на Либия ca:Bandera de Líbia cs:Libyjská vlajka da:Libyens flag de:Flagge Libyens et:Liibüa lipp el:Σημαία της Λιβύης es:Bandera de Libia eo:Flago de Libio eu:Libiako bandera fa:پرچم لیبی fr:Drapeau de la Libye gl:Bandeira de Libia ko:리비아의 국기 hi:लीबिया का ध्वज hr:Zastava Libije bpy:লিবিয়ার ফিরালহান id:Bendera Libya it:Bandiera della Libia he:דגל לוב ku:Ala Lîbya lt:Libijos vėliava hu:Líbia zászlaja mk:Знаме на Либија mr:लिबियाचा ध्वज ms:Bendera Libya nl:Vlag van Libië ja:リビアの国旗 no:Libyas flagg nn:Det libyske flagget pl:Flaga Libii pt:Bandeira da Líbia ro:Drapelul Libiei ru:Флаг Ливии sco:Banner o Libie simple:Flag of Libya sk:Vlajka Líbye sl:Zastava Libije sr:Застава Либије sh:Zastava Libije fi:Libyan lippu sv:Libyens flagga th:ธงชาติลิเบีย tr:Libya bayrağı uk:Прапор Лівії yo:Àsìá ilẹ̀ Líbyà zh:利比亚国旗