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Flag of Mauritania.svg
Use National flag and ensign National flag and ensign
Adopted April 1, 1959
Design Green, with a golden upward-pointed crescent and star

The flag of Mauritania is the common name for the national flag of Mauritania in north-west Africa. The flag was adopted on April 1, 1959.[1] It was introduced under the instructions of Moktar Ould Daddah,[2] and the subsequent constitution of 22 March 1959.


Waving flag of Mauritania

The colors of green and gold are considered Pan-African colors.[3] Green is also used to symbolize Islam, and the gold for the sands of the Sahara desert. The crescent and star are symbols of Islam, which is the major religion in the nation. Some writers have also speculated that green symbolises a bright future, and growth.[1] There is no official specification or construction sheet for the exact relative measurements of the star and crescent, although the flag's measurements are 2:3.[1]


The design acts as the national flag of Mauritania, and is also used in circular form as an aircraft roundel.[1]

Legal basis

The current constitution of 12 July 1991 specifies that:[4]

The national emblem is a flag with a crescent and a gold star on a green ground

—12 July 1991, Constitution of Mauritania

Unlike the seal, the exact flag is specified, not merely the right for a law to specify it at some later date.[4] However, the flag has its official basis in the earlier constitution of 22 March 1959;[1] no changes were made after the country's declaration of independence in 1960.[5]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 (Flag of) Mauritania at Flags of the World Accessed 27 August 2009.
  2. France: Colonial Empire at Flags of the World . Jaume Ollé and Nozomi Kariyasu, 17 June 1998. Accessed 27 August 2009.
  3. Pan-African Colours at Flags of the World Accessed 27 August 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mauritania - Constitution". International Constitutional Law. 12 July 1991. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
  5. Whitney Smith (2001). Flag lore of all nations. p. 62. Available at Google Books, here (accessed 27 August 2009).

External links

af:Vlag van Mauritanië ar:علم موريتانيا ast:Bandera de Mauritania be:Сцяг Маўрытаніі bs:Zastava Mauritanije bg:Национално знаме на Мавритания ca:Bandera de Mauritània cs:Mauritánská vlajka cy:Baner Mauritania da:Mauretaniens flag de:Flagge Mauretaniens et:Mauritaania lipp el:Σημαία της Μαυριτανίας es:Bandera de Mauritania eo:Flago de Maŭritanio fa:پرچم موریتانی fr:Drapeau de la Mauritanie ko:모리타니의 국기 hi:मॉरिशियाना का ध्वज hr:Zastava Mauretanije bpy:মৌরিতানিয়ার ফিরালহান id:Bendera Mauritania it:Bandiera della Mauritania he:דגל מאוריטניה lv:Mauritānijas karogs lt:Mauritanijos vėliava hu:Mauritánia zászlaja mk:Знаме на Мавританија ms:Bendera Mauritania nds:Flagg vun Mauretanien nl:Vlag van Mauritanië ja:モーリタニアの国旗 no:Mauritanias flagg pl:Flaga Mauretanii pt:Bandeira da Mauritânia ro:Drapelul Mauritaniei ru:Флаг Мавритании sco:Banner o Mauritanie sk:Vlajka Mauritánie sr:Застава Мауританије sh:Zastava Mauritanije fi:Mauritanian lippu sv:Mauretaniens flagga th:ธงชาติมอริเตเนีย uk:Прапор Мавританії yo:Àsìá ilẹ̀ Mauritáníà zh:毛里塔尼亚国旗