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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet two criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Algeria Algeria

Angola Angola

Cameroon Cameroon

Comoros Comoros

Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire

Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)

Egypt Egypt

Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea

Ethiopia Ethiopia

France France

Secessionist movements
  • Mayotte continues to have autonomist movements despite the island having voted to become France's 101st department in 2011.[14]

Libya Libya

Mauritius Mauritius

Mali Mali

Morocco Morocco

Namibia Namibia

Niger Niger

Nigeria Nigeria

Rwanda Rwanda

Senegal Senegal

Somalia Somalia

South Africa South Africa

South Sudan South Sudan

Spain Spain (Africa)

Sudan Sudan

Tanzania Tanzania

Uganda Uganda

Zambia Zambia

See also


  1. Adam Shatz (2003-06-08). "The other intifada" (PDF)., republished article from Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  2. "Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda". Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  3. "United Kingdom of Lunda Tchokwe". Retrieved 2011-02-02.
  4. Gilbert da Costa (2006-07-07). "Bakassi Region Residents Protest Handover of Region to Cameroon". Voice of America. Retrieved 2009-04-12.[dead link]
  5. "Southern Cameroons National Council plans street protests to have activists freed". The Post News. 2005-11-27. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  6. "MPA - Mouvement Populaire Anjouanais". MweziNet. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  7. "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Comoros : Overview". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  8. "Background Note: Cote d'Ivoire". Retrieved 2009-04-11. Text "US Department of State" ignored (help)
  9. "SPECIAL INQUIRY INTO THE BAS CONGO EVENTS OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH 2008" (PDF). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 2008-05. Retrieved 2009-05-10. Check date values in: |date= (help)[dead link]
  10. "2008 Human Rights Report: Democratic Republic of the Congo". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  11. Iain Dalton (2008-11-19). "Democratic republic of Congo: Civil war erupts once again". The Socialist (UK). Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  12. Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 472. ISBN 0-313-32384-4.
  13. "CASE N° GEQ/07 - MARCELO LOHOSO - EQUATORIAL GUINEA". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  15. "Cri de Liberté". Mathaba News Network. 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  16. "THE POLISARIO FRONT: A DESTABILISING FORCE IN THE REGION THAT IS STILL ACTIVE" (PDF). European strategic intelligence and security center. Retrieved 2009-04-10.[dead link]
  17. "Caprivi Liberation Front". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  18. Forrest, Joshua B. (2003). Subnationalism in Africa: Ethnicity, Alliances, and Politics. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 188. ISBN 1-58826-227-8. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  19. "Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques du le Casamance (MFDC)". Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  20. "'Ek is wit en trots daarop'". Mail & Guardian. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  22. "Assessment for Lozi in Zambia". Minorities at Risk. Retrieved 2009-04-10.

es:Anexo:Movimientos regionales de autodeterminación en África ru:Список активных сепаратистских движений в Африке