Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and the subantarctic Bouvet Island.[note 1] Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of about 5 million. It is the second least densely populated country in Europe. The majority of the country shares a border to the east with Sweden; its northernmost region is bordered by Finland to the south and Russia to the east; in its south Norway borders the Skagerrak Strait across from Denmark. The capital city of Norway is Oslo. Norway's extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is home to its famous fjords.
- National Research Council (U.S.). Polar Research Board (1986). Antarctic treaty system: an assessment : proceedings of a workshop held at Beardmore, South Field Camp, Antarctica, January 7–13, 1985. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-03640-5. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- "Population". Statistics Norway. 2012-19-03. Retrieved 2012-19-03. Check date values in:
<ref> tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding
<references group="note"/> tag was found