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Republic of South Sudan
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity"
Anthem: "South Sudan Oyee!"

File:South Sudan Oyee!.ogg
and largest city
Official languages EnglishCite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag
 -  President Salva Kiir Mayardit
 -  Vice President James Wani Igga
 -  First Vice President Taban Deng Gai
Legislature National Legislature
 -  Upper house Council of States
 -  Lower house National Legislative Assembly
 -  End of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1 January 1956 
 -  Comprehensive Peace Agreement 6 January 2005 
 -  Autonomy 9 July 2005 
 -  Independence from Sudan 9 July 2011 
 -  United Nations admission 13 July 2011 
 -  Total 619,745 km2 (41st)
239,285 sq mi
 -  Template:UN Population estimate Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population
 -  2008 census 8,260,490 (disputed)[1] (94th)
 -  Density 13.33/km2 (214th)
34.52/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $20.038 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $1,525[2]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $3.618 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $275[2]
Gini (2009)45.5[3]
HDI (2015)Decrease 0.418[4]
low · 181st
Currency South Sudanese pound (SSP)
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +211[5]
ISO 3166 code SS
Internet TLD .ss[6]a
a. Registered, but not yet operational.

The Republic of South Sudan or South Sudan is a country in East Afrika bordered by Uganda, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Ethiopia and Central African Republic or CAR. The capital is Juba. It was one of the newer Afrikan countries to gain independence in the last twenty years, the most recent being Eritrea in 1993. It formed part of Sudan, the largest country in Afrika until it gained independence on 11 July 2011.


South Sudan was first settled in 15th century by its current ethnic groups. It wasn't until the Ottoman Empire's push into Sudan in 1820, that South Sudanese were first joined with Sudan to the North. Under Egypt's Ottoman Viceroy Mohammed Ali Pasha, Ottoman forces took control of Sudan and South Sudan unifying both distinct regions. With the arrival of the British colonalists in 1890s, South Sudanese resisted British rule. The region became part of the Anglo-Eyptian Sudan from until 1956 when Sudan gained its independence.

From the early days of the Ottoman rule in Sudan and than British colonial rule, South Sudan was treated as a remote, yet distinct region having more in common with its East African neighbors Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania than with its Northern half Sudan. Under the colonialist "civilizing mission" and white man's burden, European missionaries were allowed near carte blanc to preach the bible in both English, Nuer, Dinka and Shilluk while converting the then animist South Sudanese who had followed indigenous religions to Christianity. A consequence of European religious colonialism is that missionary conversions continue to this day and has become more evangelical than in the past. Like many indigenous societies in Afrika and other parts of the world, religion and colonial education were tied to so called western style development of South Sudanese society. Despite adapting Westernization, Christianity, pushing English language to a prestigous place within society, taking an anti,



Some 10 million people currently live in South Sudan. It has the second smallest population of the East Afrikan countries with Central Afrikan Republic only having 4.5 million people. The population is mostly rural. Only 525,000 people live in the capital Juba with the rest of the 9.5 million living in rural towns and villages. The country is home to 60 indigenous ethnic groups with the Dinka making up more than 35%, followed by the Nuer, Shilluk, Bari, Zande and Anywa. A small group of Arabs mostly from Sudan have remain in South Sudan even after the 2011 referendum. South Sudanese ethnic groups are referred to in Sudan and Afrika as Nilotic peoples. They are widely seen as the indigenous people of South Sudan and are the second largest people group in East Afrika after the Bantu people. They are famous for two physical traits being some of the tallest people in the world and having the deepest hue that is even regarded as distinct across the continent.


South Sudanese society prizes farming and wealth is based on the number of cattle a family owns. This holds true in the countryside. In Juba and other cities, the emphasize is on finances and home ownership as elsewhere in the world. Agriculture continues to play a large role across the country. Family bonds and friendships are also important.


  1. "Discontent over Sudan census". AFP. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "South Sudan". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund.
  3. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  4. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  5. "New country, new number: Country code 211 officially assigned to South Sudan" (Press release). International Telecommunication Union. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  6. ".ss Domain Delegation Data". Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. ICANN. Retrieved 1 September 2011.